From the Library…Saint Andrew’s Day

St. Andrew’s Day Cel­e­bra­tion — Novem­ber 30th — All Day Event

Please join Her Grace, Eva Bel­lam­bi, Duchess Loch Avie, and Lord Edward Pearse, Earl of Prim­broke as they cel­e­brate St. Andrew’s Day in Cale­don Loch Avie

This will be a full day of fes­tiv­i­ties in Loch Avie.

*The sim will be filled with the sounds of Celtic music for your enjoy­ment, and will be dec­o­rat­ed for the occa­sion.
*Come learn about St. Andrew and his con­nec­tions to Scot­land and see his East­ern and West­ern Icons
*Please feel free to come at your own time and pace to try the hag­gis, scotch eggs, Uis­ge Beat­ha, and oth­er Scot­tish del­i­ca­cies.
*You may also try your hand at the Caber Toss, Ham­mer Toss, or Acad­e­my of Arms Weapons Sys­tem (Clay­more, Bat­tle Axe, Short Sword) at your leisure dur­ing the day.
*Enjoy the sim with it’s water, scenic views, water horse, and by that time.…maybe a lit­tle snow.

*Caber toss­ing con­test at 1pm SLT (near the pub)
*Ham­mer toss­ing con­test at 3pm SLT (near Nel­lie’s inlet)
*Acad­e­my of Arms Tour­na­ment for Duchal Cham­pi­ons 6pm SLT (sky are­na)
*Cielidh 7:30pm SLT (Near the Keep)

*If you are a piper and would care to join in a pip­ing con­test please IM, Duchess Loch Avie direct­ly. With enough inter­est we will hold a Bag­pipe concert/contest dur­ing the day.

****A lit­tle infor­ma­tion about St. Andrew***
Saint Andrew is the Patron Saint of Scot­land, and St. Andrew’s Day is cel­e­brat­ed by Scots around the world on the 30th Novem­ber. The flag of Scot­land is the Cross of St. Andrew, and this is wide­ly dis­played as a sym­bol of nation­al iden­ti­ty.

The “Order of Saint Andrew” or the “Most Ancient Order of the This­tle” is an order of Knight­hood which is restrict­ed to the King or Queen and six­teen oth­ers. It was estab­lished by James VII of Scot­land in 1687.

Very lit­tle is real­ly known about St. Andrew him­self. He was thought to have been a fish­er­man in Galilee (now part of Israel), along with his elder broth­er Simon Peter (Saint Peter). Both became fol­low­ers (apos­tles) of Jesus Christ, founder of the Chris­t­ian reli­gion.

St. Andrew is said to have been respon­si­ble for spread­ing the tenets of the Chris­t­ian reli­gion though Asia Minor and Greece. Tra­di­tion sug­gests that St. Andrew was put to death by the Romans in Patras, South­ern Greece by being pinned to a cross (cru­ci­fied). The diag­o­nal shape of this cross is said to be the basis for the Cross of St. Andrew which appears on the Scot­tish Flag.

St. Andrews bones were entombed, and around 300 years lat­er were moved by Emper­or Con­stan­tine (the Great) to his new cap­i­tal Con­stan­tino­ple (now Istam­bul in Turkey). Leg­end sug­gests that a Greek Monk (although oth­ers describe him as an Irish assis­tant of St. Colum­ba) called St. Rule (or St. Reg­u­lus) was warned in a dream that St. Andrews remains were to be moved and was direct­ed by an angel to take those of the remains which he could to the “ends of the earth” for safe-keep­ing. St. Rule duti­ful­ly fol­lowed these direc­tions, remov­ing a tooth, an arm bone, a kneecap and some fin­gers from St. Andrew’s tomb and trans­port­ing these as far away as he could. Scot­land was close to the extrem­i­ties of the know world at that time and it was here that St. Rule was ship­wrecked with his pre­cious car­go.

St. Rule is said to have come ashore at a Pic­tish set­tle­ment on the East Coast of Scot­land and this lat­er became St. Andrews. Thus the asso­ci­a­tion of St. Andrew with Scot­land was said to have begun.

Per­haps more like­ly than the tale of St. Rule’s jour­ney is that Acca, the Bish­op of Hex­ham, who was a reknown col­lec­tor of relics, brought the relics of St. Andrew to St. Andrews in 733. There cer­tain­ly seems to have been a reli­gious cen­tre at St. Andrews at that time, either found­ed by St. Rule in the 6th cen­tu­ry or by a Pic­tish King, Ungus, who reigned from 731 — 761.

Whichev­er tale is true, the relics were placed in a spe­cial­ly con­struct­ed chapel. This chapel was replaced by the Cathe­dral of St. Andrews in 1160, and St. Andrews became the reli­gious cap­i­tal of Scot­land and a great cen­tre for Medieval pil­grims who came to view the relics.

There are oth­er leg­ends of how St. Andrew and his remains became asso­ci­at­ed with Scot­land, but there is lit­tle evi­dence for any of these, includ­ing the leg­end of St. Rule. The names still exist in Scot­land today, includ­ing St. Rules Tow­er, which remains today amongst the ruins of St. Andrews Cathe­dral.

It is not known what hap­pened to the relics of St. Andrew which were stored in St. Andrews Cathe­dral, although it is most like­ly that these were destroyed dur­ing the Scot­tish Ref­or­ma­tion. The Protes­tant cause, pro­pound­ed by Knox, Wishart and oth­ers, won out over Roman Catholism dur­ing the Ref­or­ma­tion and the “idol­a­try of catholism”, that is the Saints, relics, dec­o­ra­tion of church­es, were expunged dur­ing the process of con­vert­ing the Roman Catholic church­es of Scot­land to the harsh sim­plic­i­ty of Knox’s brand of Cal­vanism.

The place where these relics were kept with­in the Cathe­dral at St. Andrews is now marked by a plaque, amongst the ruins, for vis­i­tors to see.

The larg­er part of St. Andrew’s remains were stolen from Con­stan­tino­ple in 1210 and are now to be found in Amal­fi in South­ern Italy. In 1879 the Arch­bish­op of Amal­fi sent a small piece of the Sain­t’s shoul­der blade to the re-estab­lished Roman Catholic com­mu­ni­ty in Scot­land.

In 1969, Gor­don Gray, leader of the Roman Catholic Church in Scot­land was in Rome to be appoint­ed the first Scot­tish Car­di­nal since the Ref­or­ma­tion. Pope Paul VI gave him fur­ther relics of St. Andrew with the words “Saint Peter gives you his broth­er”. These are now dis­played in a reli­quary in St. Mary’s Roman Catholic Cathe­dral in Edin­burgh.

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